Bandung is the capital of West Java province in Indonesia and the countrys third largest city by population with a sprawling urban population of 8.6 million in 2011. Located 768 metres (2,520 ft) above sea level, approximately 140 kilometres (87 miles) south east of Jakarta, Bandung has cooler temperatures year-round than most other Indonesian cities. The city lies on a river basin surrounded by volcanic mountains.
Bandung is a popular weekend destination of residents of Jakarta. The cooler climate of the highland plantation area, the varieties of food, the cheaper fashion shops located in factory outlets and distros, golf courses, and the zoo, are some of the attractions of the city.
Significant tourist sites near Bandung include the Tangkuban Perahu volcano crater to the north, the striking Kawah Putih volcano lake, and Patenggang Lake, a lake surrounded by tea plantations about 50 kilometres (31 miles) to the south of the city.
To see Bandung Basin clearly which is surrounding by the mountains, we can see from Bongkor protected forest area (kawasan hutan lindung), Saung Daweung, Arcamanik, in slope of West Manglayang Mountain. The forest is located in 1,500 above mean sea level with pine trees managed by government corporation and can be accessed in 30 minutes drive from downtown.
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Institut Teknologi Bandung
Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) or Bandung Insitute of Technology or Institute of technology Bandung, was founded on March 2, 1959. The present ITB main campus is the site of earlier engineering schools in Indonesia. Although these institutions of higher learning had their own individual characteristics and missions, they left influence on developments leading to the establishment of ITB.
In 1920, Technische Hogeschool (TH) was established in Bandung, which for a short time, in the middle forties, became Kogyo Daigaku. Not long after the birth of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945, the campus housed the Technical Faculty (including a Fine Arts Department) of Universitas Indonesia, with the head office in Jakarta. In the early fifties, a. Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, also part of Universitas Indonesia, was established on the campus.
In 1959, the present lnstitut Teknologi Bandung was founded by the Indonesian government as an institution of higher learning of science, technology, and fine arts, with a mission of education, research, and service to the community.
Government Decree No. 155/2000 pertaining to The Decision on ITB as Legal Enterprise (Badan Hukum) has opened a new path for ITB to become autonomous. The status of autonomy implies a freedom for the institution to manage its own bussiness in an effective and efficient way, and to be fully responsible for the planning and implementation of all program and activity, and the quality control for the attainment of its institutional objective. The institution has also freedom in deciding their measures and taking calculated risks in facing tight competition and intense pressures.
Master Program in Computational Science
Computational science is a young scientific discipline that has established itself as the third pillar of modern science. Next to theoretical science and experimental science, computational science involves the modeling, simulation and analysis of world phenomena through computation. Computational science will play an important role in the future of scientific discovery processes. This occurs since modern science has opened up new windows into the physical and social sciences, earth sciences and life sciences on many levels (atomic, nano, mezzo, and macroscopic scales). Computational science has important roles in several areas, such as:
- Understanding non-deterministic and chaotic natural phenomena that can not be solved with analytical method,
- Simulation that bridges theory and experimentation,
- Prediction or forecasting,
- Statics and dynamics system modeling,
- Data calculation, organization, and presentation.
In the past decade, subjects which strengthen student’s computational skills have always been an important part of the curriculum for study programs at the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (FMIPA ITB). Each of the study programs offers at least 10% Bachelor’s courses and 20% Master’s courses which heavily contain computational materials.
Research of staff and students at FMIPA has also emerged towards a similar trend. The number of publications, final projects, theses, and dissertations which topics are focused in computational science has increased significantly in the last decade. In addition, research collaboration between FMIPA’s researchers with their peers in both the academia and the industry arenas has also been conducted. For example, academic collaboration has been conducted in Japan (Kanazawa University, Osaka University, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Kyoto University, Gunma Observatory), Australia (University of Ballarat, University of Newcastle), Pakistan (School of Mathematical Science, GC University), and the Netherlands (Twente University, RuG). On the other hand, FMIPA has strong industrial collaboration with ALLIANZ, Taspen, Telkom, RC OPPINET, and CONOCO-Philips.
Master’s in Computational Science at ITB equips its graduates with:
- Knowledge and comprehensive skills for a computational approach in science,
- Ability to develop, model, and simulate, efficient algorithms, and use the optimization method to solve problems in science,
- Ability to conduct an interdisciplinary approach in the quest for solutions of scientific problems,
- Skills in several techniques, methods, and tools and the ability to choose appropriate tools for solving particular problems, and
- Ability to work together with their peers, both in the same or different areas.
The educational system is continually progressing due to the significant amount of research done by the school and the graduates. During first year, students will learn the fundamentals of computing from introduction to computational science, to numerical analysis and software development. Students will also be equipped with the fundamentals of science and mathematics that will be used in their research. During the second year, students will apply the techniques and methods they have already learned to particular problems in science and mathematics.
Although the traditional workforce for graduates of this program is in the area of research and development (both in universities and research centers), our graduates will have the skills and competence to enter other work fields such as: insurance, banking, finance, information technology, telecommunication, automotive industries, pharmaceutical and chemical industries, as well as oil and gas industries.
Selected students of ITB and Kanazawa University (Japan) will have the opportunity to participate in a Double Degree Master’s Program in Computational Science at ITB and at Kanazawa University. ITB students will spend up to one year at Kanazawa University to conduct research under the supervision of staff from ITB and Kanazawa University. Kanazawa University students will also have the opportunity to do similar research at ITB. Staff of Kanazawa University will teach several courses at ITB either in person or by using distance learning facilities.
During the 2009/2010 academic year, 10 students were accepted for the double degree program (DDP), to do research in Kanazawa starting from April 2010. In 2010/2011, 11 students were accepted for DDP. Other students study computational science solely at ITB. Students of the Master’s in Computational Science Program at ITB are degree holders in science, mathematics, engineering, or other relevant fields. Students are expected to have adequate knowledge and skiIIs in College Mathematics (Calculus, Matrix, and System of Linear Equations), Elementary Programming (in any language), and proficient in English.